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Mule Deer Working Group Habitat Guidelines

Habitat Guidelines by Ecoregion. Mule Deer (Mule and black-tailed deer) are distributed throughout western North America from the coastal islands of Alaska, down the West Coast to southern Baja Mexico and from the northern border of the Mexican state of Zacatecas, up through the Great Plains to the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia and the southern Yukon Territory. With this wide latitudinal and geographic range comes a great diversity of different climatic regimes and vegetation associations; these “ecoregions” share certain similarities regarding the issues and challenges that land managers must face.

Within these guidelines the MDWG has designated 7 separate ecoregions: 1) California Woodland Chaparral, 2) Colorado Plateau Shrubland and Forest, 3) Coastal Rain Forest, 4) Great Plains, 5) Intermountain West, 6) Northern Forest, and 7) Southwest Deserts. View Ecoregion MAP

Mule Deer Publications

Mule Deer Fact Sheets

Ecoregions (click to view larger)

Habitat Guidelines developed by the WAFWA Mule Deer Working Group
Range-wide guidelines: Black-Tailed & Mule Deer Seeding Booklet 2022
39 views / 48 downloads
    pdf, 2.08 MB
    August 15, 2022
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Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: Intermountain West Ecoregion
259 views / 1223 downloads
    pdf, 3 MB
    July 1, 2009
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Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: Great Plains Ecoregion
159 views / 1174 downloads
    pdf, 2 MB
    July 1, 2009
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Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: Northern Forest Ecoregion
143 views / 747 downloads
    pdf, 7 MB
    July 1, 2008
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Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: Colorado Plateau Shrubland and Forest Ecoregion
204 views / 1459 downloads
    pdf, 6 MB
    July 1, 2008
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Habitat Guidelines for Black-tailed Deer: Coastal Rainforest Ecoregion
195 views / 1051 downloads
    pdf, 6 MB
    July 1, 2008
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Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: California Woodland Chaparral Ecoregion
118 views / 555 downloads
    pdf, 5 MB
    July 1, 2007
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Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: Southwest Deserts Ecoregion.
128 views / 1058 downloads
    pdf, 4 MB
    July 1, 2006
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