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Western Monarch Butterfly

To help the monarch recover back to historic levels, state fish and wildlife agencies along with public and private partners need to work together to continue taking actions across the monarch’s western range. The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies developed a 50-year Western Monarch Conservation Plan to guide conservation efforts. Learn more about the actions you can take to preserve the monarch migration, support monarch health, ameliorate threats, and contribute data that guides recovery efforts.

Migration Keep Monarchs Migrating Learn More Migration is an important component of the monarch butterfly’s life history.

Monarchs complete a fascinating, annual, multi-generational migration, returning to the same overwintering sites each fall and staying there through the winter until the next breeding season.
05 01 Keep Monarchs Migrating
Western Monarch Butterfly Pacific Grove, Photographer Carly Voight
Habitats Support Monarch Habitat Learn More Protecting monarchs means preserving and restoring their habitats.

Monarchs use a variety of different habitats to complete their lifecycle, including patches of milkweed for breeding, nectar plants for migration, and coastal groves of trees for overwintering.
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Credit: Amanda Barth
Get Involved Monarch Community Science Learn More One of many ways to get involved in monarch conservation is to help community science programs collect data on monarchs and their habitat. 05 03 Keep Monarchs Migrating Credit: Emma Pelton Wild Keep Western Monarchs Wild Learn More Captive rearing by the public is not a viable conservation strategy.

This approach is not currently recommended by conservation experts because of the potential impacts it may have on the health and natural distribution of the wild monarch population.
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Credit: Project Monarch Health
Threats Threats to Western Monarchs Learn More Monarch recovery depends on reducing environmental stressors.

The WAFWA Western Monarch Conservation Plan outlines the multiple interacting factors that are thought to have caused the dramatic, recent fluctuations in the western monarch population.
05 04 Keep Monarchs Migrating
Credit: Xerces
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