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Recommendations for Adaptive Management of Chronic Wasting Disease in the West

Posted by WAFWA on January 6, 2018
Abstract: Chronic wasting disease (CWD) — an infectious prion disease affecting at least four important native cervid species — represents a significant threat to the future health and vitality of free-ranging cervid resources in western North America. Moreover, growing concerns about potential transmissibility to humans could erode hunting participation in…
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Considerations of Disease Risks in Translocation of Deer by Wildlife Management Agencies

Posted by WAFWA on July 1, 2016
A publication about disease risks involved with deer translocation by wildlife management agencies.   Suggested Citation: Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. 2016. Consideration of Disease Risks in Translocation of Deer by Wildlife Management Agencies. WAFWA Mule Deer Working Group and Wildlife Health Committee, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
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Mule Deer and Movement Barriers

Posted by WAFWA on July 1, 2015
A publication about the movement and travel patterns of Mule Deer and the barriers to them. Several important considerations for mitigating barriers to movement can be identified and implemented to ensure that managers, engineers, and planners can incorporate the appropriate engineering features that mule deer and other wildlife need to…
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Energy Development Guidelines for Mule Deer

Posted by WAFWA on July 1, 2011
This document establishes guidelines that will enable energy development to proceed in a manner reasonably compatible with habitat requirements of mule and black-tailed deer. These Energy Development Guidelines for Mule Deer will help resource managers focus on pre-project risk assessments, appropriate project designs, effective mitigation and reclamation, and adequate monitoring…
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Methods for Monitoring Mule Deer Populations

Posted by WAFWA on July 1, 2011
Suggested Citation: Keegan T. W., B. B. Ackerman, A. N. Aoude, L. C. Bender, T. Boudreau, L. H. Carpenter, B. B. Compton, M. Elmer, J. R. Heffelfinger, D. W. Lutz, B. D. Trindle, B. F. Wakeling, and B. E. Watkins. 2011. Methods for monitoring mule deer populations. Mule…
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A Case for Standardized Ungulate Surveys and Data…

Posted by WAFWA on January 1, 2006
A manuscript which calls for an improvement in how consistently survey data is collected and stored.
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North American Mule Deer Conservation Plan

Posted by WAFWA on July 23, 2004
To address the multitude of issues impacting recovery of mule deer populations, the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) chartered the Mule Deer Working Group (MDWG). This group, comprised of representatives of all agencies that are members of WAFWA, was established to address 3 specific tasks including:…
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Mule Deer Conservation: Issues and Management Strategies

Posted by WAFWA on January 1, 2003
The book “Mule Deer Conservation: Issues and Management Strategies” was published in 2003 by the Jack H. Berryman Institute and the Mule Deer Working Group (sponsored by the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies). This 240-page book is the latest information on mule deer biology and management and is…
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Mule Deer: Changing Landscapes Changing Perspectives

Posted by WAFWA on July 1, 2002
Available in a downloadable PDF version or hardcopies of this document are also available from your local State or Provincial wildlife management agency.
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Predator Relationships with Mule Deer in North America

Posted by WAFWA on March 1, 2001
Abstract: In recent years mule (Odocoileus hemionus) and black-tailed (0. h. columbianus) deer appear to have declined in many areas of the western United States and Canada, causing concern for population welfare and continued uses of the deer resource. Causes of the decline have not been identified, but predation by…
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